Elephant Cell


Parag Nigam, M.V.Sc.
Nodal Officer and Scientist - E
Phone: 0135-Phone: 0135-2646219
E-mail: nigamp [at] wii [dot] gov [dot] in 

I started my research career in 1995 with my master’s degree research on livestock diseases and their impact on animal health. Later, I served in the Remount & Veterinary Corps of the Indian Army in the Field Veterinary Hospital and Central Military Veterinary Laboratory, Meerut until 2002. My interest lies in studying diseases in wild populations and managing wild animals in distress. I provide teaching and training inputs in the area of wildlife health management; immobilization and restraint of wild animals; and health management of wild animals in captivity. I have carried out a number of wildlife rescue and rehabilitation operations for various states of the country.


Wild animal capture and restraint; disease dynamics and management; health management of captive populations.

Current Projects

  Development of stud books of selected species in Indian zoos.
  Monitoring of re-introduced tigers in Sariska Tiger Reserve.
  Status and ecology of wild pigs in Ranthambore National Park.

Key Publications

  Nigam P. & P.K. Malik (2008). Managing health of wild animals in captivity: principles and practices. Pp. 151–160 in Indian Zoo Year Book, Volume V, edited by L.N. Acharjyo & A.K. PatnaikIndian Zoo Directors’ Association and Central Zoo Authority.
  Srivastava K., D.S. Chauhan, P. Gupta, H.B. Singh, V.D. Sharma, V.S. Yadav, Sreekumaran, S.S. Thakral, J.S. Dharamdheeran, P. Nigam, H.K. Prasad. & V.M. Katoch (2008). Isolation of Mycobacterium bovis & M. tuberculosis from cattle of some farms in north India: possible relevance in human health. Indian Journal of Medical Research 128(7): 26–31
  Nigam P. (2008). Immobilization and restraint tool in wildlife practice. In Emerging Trends in Nutrition of Wild and Zoo Animals, edited by S.K. Saha, A. Das, N. Dutta, L.C. Chaudhary, & K. Sharma. Centre of Advanced Studies in Animal Nutrition, Indian Veterinary Research Institute: Izatnagar. 176 pp.
Nigam P. (2007). Managing wild animals in distress: principles and concerns. In Rehabilitation in Free Living Wild Animals, edited by B.M. Arora. AIZ&WV, Bytes & Bytes Publishers: Bareilly, India.
Nigam P., S. Sinha, S. Chowdhary, P.K. Malik & A.S. Negi (2006). Successful restraint and relocation of wild elephant using xylazine hydrochloride. Indian Forester 132(10): 1266–1270.

Bilal Habib, Ph.D
Associate Nodal Officer and Scientist - E
Phone : +91 135-2646283
Mobile No: 09410992233
E-mail: bh [at] wii [dot] gov [dot] in

I am a conservation biologist interested in the integration of quantitative and interdisciplinary approaches to conservation challenges. With the interest in nature conservation, human-wildlife interactions, larger carnivore conservation, and other megafauna in human-dominated landscapes. I have been involved in field research since 2001. My doctoral research was on the ecology of the Indian wolf in the Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary, Maharashtra, India. Before joining the Wildlife Institute of India, I worked as Wildlife Survey Program Manager for the Wildlife Conservation Society’s Afghanistan Biodiversity Project and was involved in the design and coordination of wildlife surveys in the Wakhan Corridor (Pamirs), capacity building in the environment sector and development of the Red List. My research species and system range from Wolves in semi-arid and trans-Himalayan landscapes, Leopards from the Himalayas to Central India, Dholes from low density to high-density areas,  Marco polo sheep and Snow Leopard in the Afghan Pamirs to understanding movement of large carnivores in a human-dominated landscape in response to Anthropocene.  My research interest includes integrating science-based solutions to developmental activities especially linear infrastructure.


I continuously aim to generate scientific knowledge, even integrating innovative perspectives and technologies, to inform managers, policy-makers, interested stakeholders, and the general public, for effective conservation and management of nature.

Publications   2019 - 2020



Joshi, B., Lyngdoh, S., Singh, S. K., Sharma, R., Kumar, V., Tiwari, V. P., Dar. S. A., Maheshwari, A., Pal. R., Bashir, T., Reshamwala, H. S., Shrotriya, S., Sathyakumar, S., Habib, B., Kvist, L., and Goyal, S. P. (2020). Revisiting the Woolly wolf (Canis lupus chanco) phylogeny in Himalaya: Addressing taxonomy, spatial extent and distribution of an ancient lineage in Asia. Plos one, 15(4), e0231621.



Chatterjee, N., Nigam, P., & Habib, B. (2020). Population density and habitat use of two sympatric small cats in a central Indian reserve. Plos one, 15(6), e0233569.



Bhattacharya, A., Chatterjee, N., Rawat, G. S., & Habib, B. (2020). Blue Sheep Resource Selection in Alpine Grasslands of a Western Himalayan Landscape–A Point Process Approach. Zoological Studies, 59.



Noor, A., Mir, Z. R., Veeraswami, G. G., & Habib, B. (2020). Density of leopard in a moist-temperate forest of western Himalaya, India. Tropical Ecology, 1-10.



Balajeid Lyngdoh, S., Habib, B., & Shrotriya, S. (2020). Dietary spectrum in Himalayan wolves: comparative analysis of prey choice in conspecifics across highelevation rangelands of Asia. Journal of Zoology, 310(1), 24-33.



Bhattacharya, A., Chatterjee, N., Angrish, K., Shrotriya,  S., Sinha, B. C. & Habib, B. (2020). First Photographic Evidence of Himalayan Brown Bear from Lippa- Asrang Wildlife Sanctuary, Himachal Pradesh, India. International Bear News Vol. 29 No. 1



Khan, S., Chatterjee, N., & Habib, B. (2019). Testing performance of large-scale surveys in determining trends for the critically endangered Great Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 1-8.



Sadhukhan, S., Hennelly, L., & Habib, B. (2019). Characterising the harmonic vocal repertoire of the Indian wolf (Canis lupus pallipes). PloS one, 14(10), e0216186.



Saxena, A., Lyngdoh, A., Rajvanshi, A., Mathur, V., & Habib, B. (2019). Saving wildlife on India’s roads needs collaborative and not competitive efforts. Current Science, 117(7), 1137.



Shrotriya, S., Chatterjee, N., & Habib, B. (2019). Casual analysis and shortsighted inferences: A response to Majgaonkar et al. 2019. Conservation Science and Practice, 1(12), e124.



Paul, S., Ghosh, T., Pandav, B., Mohan, D., Habib, B., Nigam, P., & Mondol, S. (2019). Rapid molecular assays for species and sex identification of swamp deer and other coexisting cervids in human-dominated landscapes of the Terai region and upper Gangetic plains, northern India: implications in understanding species distribution and population parameters. Journal of genetics 98, no. 2: 44.



Biswas, S., Bhatt, S., Paul, S., Modi, S., Ghosh, T., Habib B., Nigam, P., Talukdar, G., Pandav, B., & Mondol, S. (2019) A practive faeces collection protocol for multidisciplinary research in wildlife science. Current Science, 116(11), 1878.



Modi, S., Habib, B., Ghaskadbi, P., Nigam, P., & Mondol, S. (2019). Standardization and validation of a panel of cross-species microsatellites to individually identify the Asiatic wild dog (Cuon alpinus). PeerJ, 7, e7453.



Bhattacharya, A., Chatterjee, N., Angrish K., Shrotriya, S., Sinha, B. C., and Habib, B. (2019). First photographic evidence of snow leopard from Lippa As­rang Wildlife Sanctuary, India. CATnews 69.



Read, D. J., Mawaskar, R. G., & Habib, B. (2019). Translating legitimacy: Perspectives on institutions for human-wildlife coexistence in central India. Geoforum, 101, 38-48.

Detailed Biodata and List of Publications pdf(802 kb)

Plug-in: Download Adobe Acrobat Reader