Jerdon's Bullfrog


Hoplobatrachus crassus

Common Names:

Jerdon's Bullfrog

Jerdon's Bullfrog


Kingdom   :    Animalia
  :    Chordata
Class :
Order :   Anura
Family :   Dicroglossidae
Genus :   Hoplobatrachus
Species :  crassus

Conservation Status:

IUCN:   Least Concern
IWPA:  Not listed
CITES:   Not listed
U.S ESA:   Not listed


Jerdon's Bullfrog is reported from half of the Eastern Indian subcontinent. In India, it is widely distributed in the eastern and the western regions; Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, Kerala, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal (Padhey et al., 2004).

Distribution Map of Jerdon's Bullfrog

Distribution Map of Jerdon's Bullfrog (Source:

Characteristics, Habitat and Behaviour:

It is a terrestrial species of seasonally flooded dry grasslands, open plains and arid areas. Breeding, and presumably larval development, takes place in many different types of waterbodies. Adults are often found in burrows, and are known to aestivate during dry periods. It is present in cultivated areas and around human settlements

Major Threats:

  • Habitat loss through the development of infrastructure within the region.
  • Adult mortality through road kills.


Padhye, A., Manamendra-Arachchi, K., de Silva, A., Dutta, S., Shrestha, T.K., & Bordoloi, S. (2004). Hoplobatrachus crassus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2004: e.T58298A11754703.