Relevant literature

  • Bashir, T. (2010). Ganges River dolphin (Platanista gangetica) seeks help. Current Science, 98(3), 287-288.
  • Bashir, T., Behera, S.K., Khan, A. & Gautam, P. (2012). An inventory of mammals, birds and reptiles along a section of the river and banks of upper Ganges, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 4(9), 2900-2910.
  • Bashir, T., Khan, A., Behera, S.K. & Gautam, P. (2010). Socio-economic factors threatening the survival of Ganges River dolphin Platanista gangetica gangetica in the upper Ganges River, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 2(8), 1087-1091.
  • Bashir, T., Khan, A., Behera, S.K. & Gautam, P. (2012). Factors determining occupancy of Ganges River dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica) during differing river discharges in the upper Ganges, India.
  • Bashir, T., Khan, A., Gautam, P. & Behera, S.K. (2010). Abundance and prey availability assessment of Ganges River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica) in a stretch of upper Ganges River, India. Aquatic Mammals, 36(1), 19.
  • Behera, S.K., Singh, H. & Sagar, V. (2013). Status of Ganges River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica) in the Ganga River Basin, India: A review. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management, 16(4), 425-432.
  • Behera, S.K., Singh, H. & Sagar, V. (2014). Indicator Species (Gharial and Dolphin) of Riverine Ecosystem: An Exploratory of River Ganga. In Our National River Ganga (pp. 121-141). Springer International Publishing.
  • Behera, S.K., Singh, H., Sagar, V., & De, R. (2014). Current Status of Ganges River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica) in the Rivers of Uttar Pradesh, India.
  • Birol, E. & Das, S. (2010). Estimating the value of improved wastewater treatment: The case of River Ganga, India. Journal of Environmental Management, 91(11), 2163-2171.
  • Choudhary, S.K., Smith, B.D., Dey, S., Dey, S. & Prakash, S. (2006). Conservation and biomonitoring in the Vikramshila Gangetic dolphin sanctuary, Bihar, India. Oryx, 40(02), 189-197.
  • Corsolini, S., Sarkar, S.K., Guerranti, C., Bhattacharya, B.D., Rakshit, D., Jonathan, M.P. & Godhantaraman, N. (2012). Perfluorinated compounds in surficial sediments of the Ganges River and adjacent Sundarban mangrove wetland, India. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 64(12), 2829-2833.
  • Ghosh, A.K. (1991). The Ganga. A profile and biological resources. Faunal Resources of Ganga, Part I. Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta, 1-12.
  • Gopal, B. & Chauhan, M. (2006). Biodiversity and its conservation in the Sundarban Mangrove Ecosystem. Aquatic Sciences, 68(3), 338-354.
  • Hamner, S., Tripathi, A., Mishra, R.K., Bouskill, N., Broadaway, S.C., Pyle, B.H. & Ford, T.E. (2006). The role of water use patterns and sewage pollution in incidence of water-borne/enteric diseases along the Ganges river in Varanasi, India. International Journal of Environmental Health Research, 16(2), 113-132.
  • Hussain, S.A. (2013). Activity pattern, behavioural activity and interspecific interaction of smooth coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) in National Chambal Sanctuary, India. IUCN Otter Spec. Group Bull, 30(1), 5-17.
  • Hussain, S.A., & Choudhury, B.C. (1998). Feeding Ecology of the Smooth-Coated Otter Lutra perspicillata in the National Chambal Sanctuary, India. In Behaviour and Ecology of Riparian Mammals, Ed. N. Dunstone & M. Gorman, Cammbridge University Press, pp 229-249.
  • Jhingran, A.G. & Ghosh, K.K. (1978). The fisheries of the Ganga river system in the context of Indian aquaculture. Aquaculture, 14(2), 141-162.
  • Joshi, R. (2013). Range extension of mugger crocodile Crocodylus palustris (Lesson, 1831) in upper Ganges and tributaries, lesser Himalayan zone, north India. Journal of Biology and Earth Sciences, 3(1), B100-B109.
  • Kannan, K., Sinha, R.K., Tanabe, S., Ichihashi, H. & Tatsukawa, R. (1993). Heavy metals and organochlorine residues in Ganges river dolphins from India. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 26(3), 159-162.
  • Katdare, S., Srivathsa, A., Joshi, A., Panke, P., Pande, R., Khandal, D. & Everard, M. (2011). Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) populations and human influences on habitat on the River Chambal, India. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 21(4), 364-371.
  • Kelkar, N. (2008). Patterns of habitat use and distribution of Ganges river dolphins Platanista gangetica gangetica in a human-dominated riverscape in Bihar, India (Doctoral dissertation, National Centre for Biological Sciences).
  • Khan, M.S., Aftab, A., Syed, Z., Nawab, A., Ilyas, O. & Khan, A. (2013). Composition and conservation status of avian species at Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary, Uttar Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 5(12), 4714-4721.
  • Khan, M.S., Dimri, N.K., Nawab, A., Ilyas, O. & Gautam, P. (2014). Habitat use pattern and conservation status of smooth coated otters Lutrogale perspicillata in the Upper Ganges Basin, India. Animal biodiversity and conservation, 37(1), 69-76.
  • Nautiyal, P., Nautiyal, R., Semwal, V.P., Mishra, A.S., Verma, J., Uniyal, D.P., ... & Singh, K.R. (2013). Ecosystem health indicators in the Ganga Basin (Uttarakhand, India): Biodiversity, spatial patterns in structure and distribution of benthic diatoms, macro-invertebrates and ichthyofauna. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management, 16(4), 362-373.
  • Rao, R.J. (2001). Biological resources of the Ganga river, India. Hydrobiologia, 458(1-3), 159-168.
  • Rao, R.J. (2010). The Diversity, Ecology and Conservation Management of Freshwater turtles in Ganges River System.
  • Sanghi, R. & Kaushal, N. (2014). Introduction to Our National River Ganga via cmaps. In Our National River Ganga (pp. 3-44). Springer International Publishing.
  • Sarkar, U.K., Pathak, A.K., Sinha, R.K., Sivakumar, K., Pandian, A.K., Pandey, A., ... & Lakra, W.S. (2012). Freshwater fish biodiversity in the River Ganga (India): changing pattern, threats and conservation perspectives. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 22(1), 251-272.
  • Singh, A.K., Pathak, A.K. & Lakra, W.S. (2010). Invasion of an exotic fish--Common Carp, Cyprinus Carpio L. (Actinopterygii: Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) in the Ganga River, India and its impacts. Acta ichthyologica et piscatoria, 40(1).
  • Singh, M. & Singh, A.K. (2007). Bibliography of environmental studies in natural characteristics and anthropogenic influences on the Ganga River. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 129(1-3), 421-432.
  • Sinha, R.K. & Sharma, G. (2003). Current status of the Ganges river dolphin, Platanista gangetica in the rivers Kosi and Son, Bihar, India. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc, 100(1), 27-37.
  • Sinha, R.K., Smith, B.D., Sharma, G., Prasad, K., Choudhury, B.C., Sapkota, K. Sharma, R.K., & Behera, S.K., (2000). Status and distribution of the Ganges susu. Platanista gangetica, in the Ganes river system of India and Nepal. Biology and Conservation of Freshwater Cetaceans in Asia, eds. Reeves, R. R., Smith, B, D., and Kasuya, T. 54-61. Occasional papers of the IUCN Species Survival Commision no. 23pp. IUCN, Gland: Switzerland.
  • Smakhtin, V., Arunachalam, M., Behera, S., Chatterjee, A., Das, S., Gautam, P., Joshi G.D., Sivaramakrishnan K.P. & Unni, K.S. (2007). Developing procedures for assessment of ecological status of Indian River basins in the context of environmental water requirements. . International Water Management Institute (IWMI). Research Report (Vol. 114).
  • Smith, B.D. (1993). Status and conservation of the Ganges River dolphin Platanista gangetica in the Karnali River, Nepal. Biological Conservation, 66(3), 159-169.


  • Reeves, R. R. & Leatherwood, S. (1994). Dolphins, porpoises, and whales: 1994-1998 action plans for the conservation of cetaceans (Vol. 22). IUCN.
  • Sanghi, R. (2014). Our National River Ganga. Springer publications.


Dhananjai Mohan,Dhananjai Mohan, IFS
Director, Wildlife Institute of India, 
Chandrabani, Dehradun
(Uttarakhand State), INDIA
Tel : +91-135-2640910 (Off.)
+91-135-2646101 (H)
Mob : +91-9410393913 
Fax:    +91-135-2640117
E-mail : 
dmohan [at] wii [dot] gov [dot] in

Yadvendradev JhalaYadvendradev Jhala, , Ph.D.
Animal Ecology and conservation Biology & Scientist – G
Phone : 0135-2640111-115
Extn: 222
Mobile No : 09897027262
E-mail : jhalay [at] wii [dot] gov [dot] in
Syed Ainul HussainSyed Ainul Hussain, Ph.D.
Scientist –G
Phone : 0135-2646210
E-mail : hussain [at] wii [dot] gov [dot] in
Ruchi BadolaRuchi Badola, Ph.D.
Scientist – G
Phone : 0135-2640111-115
Extn : 263
E-mail : ruchi [at] wii [dot] gov [dot] in
Gautam TalukdarGautam Talukdar, Ph.D.
Scientist – D
Phone : 0135-2640111-115
Extn : 255
E-mail : gautam [at] wii [dot] gov [dot] in
J A JohnsonJ. A. Johnson, Ph.D.
Scientist – D
Phone : 0135-2640111-115
Extn : 285
Mobile : +91 9410992211
E-mail : jaj [at] wii [dot] gov [dot] in
V. P. UniyalV. P. Uniyal, Ph. D.
Scientist – F
Phone : 0135-2640111-115
Extn : 120
E-mail : uniyalvp [at] wii [dot] gov [dot] in
R. Suresh KumarR. Suresh Kumar, Ph.D.
Scientist – D
Phone : +91 135-2646161
Mobile No : + 91 9359433837
E-mail : suresh [at] wii [dot] gov [dot] in
Gopi. G. VGopi. G. V., Ph.D.
Scientist – D
Phone : 0135-2640111-115
Extn : 284
E-mail : gopigv [at] wii [dot] gov [dot] in
Abhijit DasAbhijit Das, Ph.D.
Scientist - C
Phone : 0135-2640111-115
Extn : 205
E-mail : abhijit [at] wii [dot] gov [dot] in
Bupendra Singh AdhikariBupendra Singh Adhikari, Ph.D.
Scientist – E
Phone : 0135-2640111-115
Extn :
Mobile No : 09412056031
E-mail : adhikaribs [at] wii [dot] gov [dot] in
S.K. GuptaS.K. Gupta, Ph.D.
Scientist – D
Phone : 0135-2640111-115
Extn : 343
E-mail : skg [at] wii [dot] gov [dot] in
Bitapi C SinhaBitapi C Sinha, Ph.D.
Scientist – G
Phone : 0135-2640111-115
Extn : 251
E-mail : bcs [at] wii [dot] gov [dot] in

Shri. P.C TyagiShri. P.C Tyagi, IFS
Scientist – G
Phone: 0135-2646247
pctyagi [at] wii [dot] gov [dot] in

Ajay SrivastavaAjay Srivastava, IFS
Scientist - G
Phone : 0135-2640111-115
Extn : 211
E-mail : ajay [at] wii [dot] gov [dot] in
Ramesh ChinnasamyRamesh Chinnasamy, Ph.D.
Scientist – C
Phone : 0135-2646309
E-mail : rameshc [at] wii [dot] gov [dot] in
Anil Kumar BhardwajAnil Kumar Bhardwaj, Ph.D
Scientist – G
Phone : 0135-2646203
E-mail : anilbhardwaj [at] wii [dot] gov [dot] in
Dr. Anju Baroth, Ph.DAnju baroth
Scientist – C
Phone : 0135-2646246
E-mail : anju.baroth [at] wii [dot] gov [dot] in