About the Project


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The National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem (NMSHE) is one of the eight National missions which form the core of India’s first National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) launched in 2008 and is headed by the Prime Minister’s Council on Climate Change.

Climate change has become a major driver of ecological patterns and processes, and in determining well-being of human societies across the globe. The effects of climate change are pronounced in places such as the Himalaya, where the network of snow-clad mountains, ice-peaks, high intensity drainage and precipitation characterizes the bio-social landscape.

The NMSHE aims to offer practical adaptation strategies based on primary and secondary data and advanced analyses. NSMHE has six task forces, involving specialized Institutions for each task. These Institutions are Wildlife Institute of India (Micro flora and fauna and wildlife & animal populations), Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology (Natural & geological wealth), National Institute of Hydrology (Water, ice. Snow, including glaciers), G B Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development (Forest resources & plant biodiversity), Jawaharlal Nehru University (Traditional Knowledge Systems) and Indian Council of Agricultural Research (Himalayan Agriculture).

Wildlife Institute of India focuses on Assessment and Monitoring of Climate Change Effects on Wildlife Species and Ecosystems for Developing Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies in the Indian Himalayan Region (IHR). The thematic areas identified under this taskforce are: (A) Terrestrial System, (B) Aquatic System, (C) Human Ecology, and (D) Spatial Ecology, and include assessments of: (a) animal species/communities diversity, distribution, abundance (b) wildlife habitats, ecosystems, and ecosystem services; (c) anthropogenic and climate change impacts on wildlife and ecosystems through scenario building and visualization; (d) vulnerability of species / habitats to climate change; and prioritization of species/taxa and sites for monitoring.

The expected outputs/outcomes from this project shall be: Cohesive and inter-operable spatial database on fauna and their habitats, and ecosystems in the IHR; Vulnerability Indices for species (fauna), wildlife habitats and ecosystems in the IHR; Establishment of monitoring protocols for long-term climate change monitoring; Development of predictive modeling and visualization scenarios in context of climate change and anthropogenic drivers including validated projections based on pilot studies, enhancement in research capacities of WII and collaborating partners; and Formulation of policy briefs  and development of ‘Wildlife Watch’ for indicator/endangered species for regular monitoring by stakeholders.