Biosphere Reserves


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Biosphere reserves are sites established by countries and recognized under UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme to promote sustainable development based on local community efforts and sound science.The programme of Biosphere Reserve was initiated by UNESCO in 1971. The purpose of the formation of the biosphere reserve is to conserve in situ all forms of life, along with its support system, in its totality, so that it could serve as a referral system for monitoring and evaluating changes in natural ecosystems. The first biosphere reserve of the world was established in 1979, since then the network of biosphere reserves has increased to 631 in 119 countries across the world (Read more at https://en.unesco.org/biosphere).

Presently, there are 18 notified biosphere reserves in India. 

  Biosphere Reserves in India 

S. No.

Name

 

 Date of
Notification

 

 Area (in km2)

 

Location (State)

1

Nilgiri

 

01.09.1986

 

5520
(Core 1240 & Buffer 4280) 

 

Part of Wayanad, Nagarhole, Bandipur and
Madumalai, Nilambur, Silent Valley and
Siruvani hills (Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka).

2

Nanda Devi 

 

18.01.1988

 

5860.69
(Core 712.12, Buffer 5,148.570) & T. 546.34)

 

Part of Chamoli, Pithoragarh, and
Bageshwar districts (Uttarakhand). 

3

Nokrek 

 

01.09.1988

 

820
(Core 47.48 & Buffer 227.92, Transition Zone 544.60)

 

Part of Garo hills (Meghalaya).

4

Great Nicobar 

 

06.01.1989

 

885 (Core 705 & Buffer 180)

 

Southern most islands of Andaman
and Nicobar (A&N Islands). 

5

Gulf of Mannar

 

18.02.1989

 

10,500 km2
Total Gulf area
(area of Islands 5.55 km2) 

 

Indian part of Gulf of Mannar between India
and Sri Lanka (Tamil Nadu).

6

Manas

 

14.03.1989

 

2837
(Core 391 & Buffer 2,446)

 

Part of Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Barpeta,
Nalbari, Kamprup and Darang districts (Assam) 

7

Sunderbans

 

29.03.1989

 

9630
(Core 1700 & Buffer  7900)

 

Part of delta of Ganges and Brahamaputra river system 
(West Bengal). 

8

Simlipal

 

21.06.1994

 

4374
(Core 845, Buffer 2129 & Transition 1400

 

Part of Mayurbhanj district (Orissa).  

9

Dibru-Saikhowa

 

28.07.1997

 

765 
(Core 340 & Buffer 425)

 

Part of Dibrugarh and Tinsukia Districts (Assam)

10

Dehang-Dibang

 

02.09.1998

 

5111.50
(Core 4094.80 &Buffer 1016.70)

 

Part of Siang and Dibang Valley in Arunachal Pradesh. 

11

Pachmarhi

 

03.03.1999

 

4926

 

Parts of Betul, Hoshangabad and
Chindwara districts of Madhya Pradesh. 

12

Khangchendzonga 

 

07.02.2000

 

2619.92
(Core 1819.34 & Buffer 835.92)

 

Parts of Khangchendzonga hills and Sikkim.

13

Agasthyamalai

 

12.11.2001

 

1828

 

Neyyar, Peppara and Shendurney  Wildlife
Sanctuaries and their adjoining areas in Kerala.

14

Achanakamar -    Amarkantak

 

30.3.2005

 

3835.51 
(Core 551.55 & Buffer  3283.86)

 

Covers parts of Anupur and Dindori districts of
M.P. and parts of Bilaspur districts of Chhattishgarh State.

15

Kachchh

 

29.01.2008

 

12,454 km2

 

Part of Kachchh, Rajkot, Surendra Nagar and
Patan Civil Districts of Gujarat State

16

Cold Desert

 

28.08.2009

 

7770

 

Pin Valley National Park and surroundings; Chandratal
and Sarchu&Kibber Wildlife Sancturary in Himachal Pradesh

17

Seshachalam Hills

 

20.09.2010

 

4755.997

 

Seshachalam Hill Ranges covering parts of Chittoor
and Kadapa districts of Andhra Pradesh

18

Panna

 

25.08.2011

 

2998.98

 

Part of Panna and Chhattarpur districts in Madhya Pradesh