Biosphere Reserves


back

The programme of Biosphere Reserve was initiated under the 'Man & Biosphere' (MAB) programme by UNESCO in 1971. The purpose of the formation of the biosphere reserve is to conserve in situ all forms of life, along with its support system, in its totality, so that it could serve as a referral system for monitoring and evaluating changes in natural ecosystems. The first biosphere reserve of the world was established in 1979, since then the network of biosphere reserves has increased to 610 in 117 countries across the world.  Presently, there are 18 existing biosphere reserves in India.

Biosphere Reserves in India (as on January 1, 2013)

S. No. Name Date of
Established
Area (in km2)
1 Achanakamar-Amarkantak 30.03.2005 3835.51
2 Agasthyamalai 12.11.2001 3500.36
3 Cold Desert 28.8.2009 7770.00
4 Dehang-Dibang 2.09.1998 5111.50
5 Dibru-Saikhowa 28.07.1997 765.00
6 Great Nicobar 6.01.1989 885.00
7 Gulf of Mannar 18.02.1989 10500.00
8 Kachchh 29.01.2008 12454.00
9 Khangchendzonga 7.02.2000 2931.12
10 Manas 14.03.1989 2837.00
11 Nanda Devi 18.01.1988 6407.03
12 Nilgiri 1.08.1986 5520.00
13 Nokrek 1.09.1988 820.00
14 Pachmarhi 03.03.1999 4981.72
15 Panna 25.08.2011 2998.98
16 Seshachalam 20.09.2010 4755.997
17 Simlipal 21.06.1994 5569.00
18 Sunderbans 29.03.1989 9630.00
     

91272.22


Map showing Biosphere Reserves in India