Elephant Reserves


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The Indian elephant Elephas maximus occurs in the central and southern Western Ghats, North-east India, eastern India and northern India and in some parts of southern peninsular India. It is included in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and in Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna (CITES). It occurs in 16 of the 28 states in the country and is showing an increasing trend across its distributional range. Its population in 2007 was estimated to be in the range from 27,657 to 27,682, whereas in 2012 the population was estimated to be between 27,785 and 31,368. The state-wise population estimates are given in table below:

Elephant (Elephas maximus) population estimates for 2007 and 2012

  

Sl.No.

 

 

 

States

Elephant Population

 

 

 

2007

 

 

2012

1

 

 

Arunachal Pradesh

 

 

1690

 

 

1690*

2

 

 

Assam

 

 

5281

 

 

5281*

3

 

 

Meghalaya

 

 

1811

 

 

1811*

4

 

 

Nagaland

 

 

152

 

 

212

5

 

 

Tripura

 

 

59

 

 

59*

6

 

 

West Bengal

 

 

325-350

 

 

325-350*

7

 

 

Jharkhand

 

 

624

 

 

688

8

 

 

Odisha

 

 

1862

 

 

1930

9

 

 

Chattisgarh

 

 

122

 

 

215

10

 

 

Uttarakhand

 

 

1346

 

 

1346*

11

 

 

Uttar Pradesh

 

 

380

 

 

380

12

 

 

Tamil Nadu

 

 

3867

 

 

3726

13

 

 

Karnataka

 

 

4035

 

 

3900-7458**

14

 

 

Kerela

 

 

6068

 

 

6177

15

 

 

Andhra Pradesh

 

 

28

 

 

41

16

 

 

Maharshtra

 

 

7

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

27657-27682

 

 

27785-31368

 (Source: MoEFCC, 2013)

*Census figure as per 2007. The census report of 2012 is still awaited from the States

 **3900-7458 (Confidence Limits)

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PROJECT ELEPHANT was launched by the Government of India in the year 1992 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with following objectives:

1. To protect elephants, their habitat & corridors
2. To address issues of man-animal conflict
3. Welfare of captive elephants

The Project is being mainly implemented in 16 States / UTs , viz. Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal.

The Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change provides the financial and technical support to major elephant range states in the country through Project Elephant. 

(Download pdf)Securing the Future for Elephants in India, The Report of the Elephant Task Force, Ministry of Environment and Forests, August 31, 2010

 

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List of Landscape and Elephant Reserves in India with 2005 Census Population

 

Sl.
No.

Elephant Range

 

Elephant Reserve

 

Date of Notification

 

State

 

Total Area (Sq. Km)

 

P.A. in ER (Sq. Km)

 

Population in 2005

1

East-Central Landscape

 

Mayurjharna ER

 

24.10.02

 

West Bengal

 

414

 

 

 

96

 

(South-West Bengal-

 

Singhbhum ER

 

26.9.01

 

Jharkhand

 

4530

 

193

 

371

 

Jharkhand - Orissa)

 

Mayurbhanj ER

 

29.9.01

 

Orissa

 

3214

 

1309

 

465

 

 

 

Mahanadi ER  *

 

20.7.02

 

Orissa

 

1038

 

964

 

464

 

 

 

Sambalpur ER  *

 

27.3.02

 

Orissa

 

427

 

427

 

284

 

 

 

Baitami ER #

 

 

 

Orissa

 

1755

 

 

 

108

 

 

 

South Orissa ER #

 

 

 

Orissa

 

4216

 

750

 

138

 

 

 

Lemru ER #

 

 

 

Chhattishgarh

 

450

 

 

 

-

 

 

 

Badalkhol -
Tamorpingla ER

 

 

 

Chhattishgarh

 

1048.3

 

1154.93

 

-

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

17092.3

 

4797.93

 

1926

2

Kameng-Sonitpur Landscape

 

Kameng ER

 

19.6.02

 

Arunachal

 

1892

 

748

 

 

 

(Arunachal - Assam)

 

Sonitpur ER *

 

6.3.03

 

Assam

 

1420

 

420

 

612

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3312

 

1168

 

612

3

Eastern-South Bank Landscape

 

Dihing-Patkai ER

 

17.4.03

 

Assam

 

937

 

345

 

295

 

(Assam - Arunachal)

 

South Arunachal ER

 

29.2.08

 

Arunachal

 

1957.5

 

378.13

 

129

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2894.5

 

723.13

 

424

4

Kaziranga-Karbi
Anglong-Intanki
Landscape

 

Kaziranga-Karbi
Anglong ER

 

17.4.03

 

Assam

 

3270

 

1073

 

1940

 

(Assam - Nagaland)

 

Dhansiri-Lungding ER

 

19.4.03

 

Assam

 

2740

 

 

 

275

 

 

 

Intanki ER

 

28.2.05

 

Nagaland

 

202

 

202

 

30

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6212

 

1275

 

2245

5

North Bengal- Greater
Manas Landscape

 

Chirang-Ripu ER

 

7.3.03

 

Assam

 

2600

 

526

 

658

 

(Assam - West Bengal)

 

Eastern Dooars ER

 

28.8.02

 

West Bengal

 

978

 

484

 

300-350

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3578

 

1010

 

1008

6

Meghalaya Landscape

 

Garo Hills ER

 

31.10.01

 

Meghalaya

 

3500

 

402

 

1047

 

(Meghalaya)

 

Khasi-hills ER #

 

 

 

Meghalaya

 

1331

 

 

 

383

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4831

 

402

 

1430

7

Brahmagiri-Nilgiri-
Eastern Ghat
Landscape

 

Mysore ER

 

25.11.02

 

Karnataka

 

6724

 

3103

 

4452

 

(Karnataka - Kerala-

 

Wayanad ER

 

2.4.02

 

Kerala

 

1200

 

394

 

636

 

Tamilnadu- Andhra)

 

Nilgiri ER

 

19.9.03

 

Tamil Nadu

 

4663

 

716

 

2862

 

 

 

Rayala ER

 

9.12.03

 

Andhra

 

766

 

525

 

12

 

 

 

Nilambur ER

 

2.4.02

 

Kerala

 

1419

 

90

 

281

 

 

 

Coimbatore ER

 

19.9.03

 

Tamil Nadu

 

566

 

482

 

329

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15338

 

5310

 

8572

8

Anamalai-Nelliampathy-
High Range Landscape

 

Anamalai ER

 

19.9.03

 

Tamil Nadu

 

1457

 

300

 

179

 

(Tamilnadu - Kerala)

 

Anamudi ER

 

2.4.02

 

Kerala

 

3728

 

780

 

1726

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5185

 

1080

 

1905

9

Periyar-Agasthyamalai
Landscape

 

Periyar ER

 

2.4.02

 

Kerala

 

3742

 

1058

 

1100

 

(Kerala - Tamilnadu)

 

Srivilliputhur ER

 

19.9.03

 

Tamil Nadu

 

1249

 

568

 

638

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4991

 

1626

 

1738

10

North-Western Landscape

 

Shivalik ER

 

28.10.02

 

Uttarakhand

 

5405

 

1340

 

1510

 

(Uttarakhand - Uttar Pradesh)

 

Uttar Pradesh ER

 

9.9.09

 

U.P.

 

744

 

 

 

NA

 

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6149

 

1340

 

1510

 

TOTAL

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

69,582.80

 

18,732.06

 

21,370

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Approved by Govt. of India, but not yet notified by the State Government

 

Proposal for extension approved by GOI, but not yet notified by the state

(Source: Elephant Task Force Report of MoEF, August 2010)